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Hue History

There is a beautiful juxtaposition of ancient and recent history in modern Hue. In every facade of society the eventful past has left its mark. Issues like national identity, international relations or politics are tinged with the History of Hue. In the city’s landscape every sign is worth a question.

Before the birth of Christ, this region was part of the Nam Viet Empire. At that time it was under the realm of Champa which had reigned over this territory for seventeen centuries. In the 1300’s the King of Champa handed the region over to the Vietnamese. The name Hue originated from the mispronunciation of the term Hoa, came into being in 1307, after the Champa King Jaya Sinhavarman III had handed over this city to Vietnam for getting married to a princess of the Tran dynasty.
In the year 1687 Hue region was chosen by an Nguyen Lord to be the political center of Dang Trong. This political center was then turned to be the Capital of the whole country by the Tay Son dynasty.

In the 19th century, Hue was the capital of the Nguyen dynasty. This period has produced some of the most beautiful buildings in the city including the Citadel. Since 1883, the region was under French colony. At the beginning of the 19th century, Gia Long, the first Emperor of the Nguyen dynasty, carried out a large scale planning and new construction, making Hue the Capital of the whole country.
Proceeding towards the modern times, in 1945, Hue emerged as the center of the August Revolution. During this time Communist and National forces dethroned the last Nguyen king. After the division of the country, due to its strategic position, Hue, as part of South Vietnam, was the central battleground during Vietnam War. The signs of the devastating war can be seen today in the historical buildings and temples, many of which were seriously damaged by the bombing.
The city was the heart of the fierce fighting between South and North Vietnamese, American troops during the Tet offensive. The National Liberation Front snatched the victory and got the city back in 1975.

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